網路管理

ip
# 顯示所有網卡資訊
ip addr
ip a

# 顯示所有網卡的 IP
ip -br -c addr show  # 需要較新版 ip

# 顯示 eth0 網卡資訊
ip a show eth0 

# 開啟/關閉網卡
ip link set eth0 { up | down }

# 顯示所有的網路裝置
ip link show
ip l show

# 設定 IP (非永久)
ip a add 192.168.1.200/255.255.255.0 dev eth0

# 移除 IP (非永久)
ip a del 192.168.1.200/255.255.255.0 dev eth0

# 顯示 default gateway 及路由表
ip route show
ip r show
ip route add 10.10.20.0/24 via 192.168.50.100 dev eth0
ip route del 10.10.20.0/24

# Default gateway
ip route add default via 192.168.50.100

# 網路即時狀態
ip -s link 

# 顯示 ARP 紀錄 (NOTE: 查詢連接網路設備的 MAC address 與 IP 對應表)
ip neigh show
ip n show

# 清除 ARP 清單裡的某個 IP 紀錄
ip -s -s n f <ip-address>

# 線上求助
ip a help

在多個網路埠的主機上,如何得知哪些埠有接上網路線

nmcli
# List all of ethernet devices
nmcli con

# Restart the network adapter enp0s3
nmcli con down enp0s3 && nmcli con up enp0s3

# Configure the static ip
nmcli con mod enp0s3 ipv4.addresses 192.168.20.170/24
nmcli con mod enp0s3 ipv4.gateway 192.168.20.1
nmcli con mod enp0s3 ipv4.method manual
nmcli con mod enp0s3 ipv4.dns "8.8.8.8"

nmcli con down enp0s3
nmcli con up enp0s3 
GUI to Configure Network
nmtui
nc - netcat
# Scanning the port range (20 - 1024)
nc -z 192.168.21.202 20-1024

Connection to 192.168.21.202 22 port [tcp/ssh] succeeded!
Connection to 192.168.21.202 80 port [tcp/http] succeeded!
Connection to 192.168.21.202 111 port [tcp/sunrpc] succeeded!
Connection to 192.168.21.202 443 port [tcp/https] succeeded!
Connection to 192.168.21.202 514 port [tcp/shell] succeeded!

# Scanning the specified port
nc -zv 192.168.21.202 21
nc: connect to 192.168.21.202 port 21 (tcp) failed: Connection refused

# Port Scanning With netcat including displaying version #
echo "QUIT" | nc 192.168.2.17 22
echo "QUIT" | nc -v 192.168.2.254 ssh
# OR pass the -vv  to get remote OpenSSH version # 
nc -vv 192.168.2.254 ssh
mii-tool
# Installation 
sudo apt install net-tools

# CHECK A SINGLE INTERFACE
sudo mii-tool <interface_name>

# SEE DETAILED INFORMATION
sudo mii-tool -v <interface_name>

# SET NETWORK INTERFACE SPEED
sudo mii-tool –force 10baseT-FD <interface_name>

# RESTART AUTO-NEGOTIATION
# Network devices use an auto-negotiation protocol to communicate the technologies they support. 
# It will then select the fastest mutually supported technology. 
# To restart the auto-negotiation of the interface, run the following command.
sudo mii-tool –restart <interface_name>

# CHANGE THE DUPLEX MODE
# For example, here I have set the speed of the eth0 interface to 10 Mbps and the duplex mode to half-duplex.
sudo mii-tool -F 10baseT-HD eth0

# REPORT LINK STATUS CHANGES
# Run the following command to watch a single interface and report changes in the link status. 
# That is to say, the interfaces are listed at one second intervals by default.
sudo mii-tool -w <interface>

# REPORT LINK STATUS
sudo mii-tool -l <interface_name>

# RESET THE CONFIGURATIONS
# Most importantly, you should be able to reset it to its default configuration 
# if something goes wrong. For that, run the following command
sudo mii-tool -R <Interface_name>

 

 


Revision #6
Created Fri, Dec 18, 2020 7:24 AM by Admin
Updated Fri, Jan 22, 2021 5:13 AM by Admin