Python

Python是一種廣泛使用的直譯式、進階程式、通用型程式語言,由吉多·范羅蘇姆創造,第一版釋出於1991年。Python是ABC語言的後繼者,也可以視之為一種使用傳統中綴表達式的LISP方言。Python的設計哲學強調代碼的可讀性和簡潔的語法。相比於C++或Java,Python讓開發者能夠用更少的代碼表達想法。

Learn Python

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pip Offline Install

NOTE: The following commands still require internet connection.

get-pip.py
# Latest version of python
curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py -o get-pip.py

# For python 2.7.x
curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/2.7/get-pip.py -o get-pip.py

# Offline Install the pip
pyhon get-pip.py

Module mkdocs
# Downloading the source files required for the module mkdocs, which requires an internet.
pip download -d <output-dir> mkdocs

# Offline install the module mkdocs
pip install <output-dir>/*.whl

 

maxmind_db_ip_geolocator.py

Original Post: Python Basics for Hackers, Part 4: How to Find the Exact Location of any IP Address  

#! /usr/bin/python

#Hello fellow hackers! My name is Defalt
#I built a very basic version of this tool a long time ago and recently did a re-write
#The first re-write had some awkward usage of the argparse module, so this update is going to fix it
#Original version: http://pastebin.com/J5NLnThL
#This will query the MaxMind database to get an approximate geolocation of an IP address
#Happy hacking! -Defalt

import sys
import socket
import urllib
import gzip
import os
try:
	import pygeoip
except ImportError:
	print '[!] Failed to Import pygeoip'
	try:
		choice = raw_input('[*] Attempt to Auto-install pygeoip? [y/N] ')
	except KeyboardInterrupt:
		print '\n[!] User Interrupted Choice'
		sys.exit(1)
	if choice.strip().lower()[0] == 'y':
		print '[*] Attempting to Install pygeoip... ',
		sys.stdout.flush()
		try:
			import pip
			pip.main(['install', '-q', 'pygeoip'])
			import pygeoip
			print '[DONE]'
		except Exception:
			print '[FAIL]'
			sys.exit(1)
	elif choice.strip().lower()[0] == 'n':
		print '[*] User Denied Auto-install'
		sys.exit(1)
	else:
		print '[!] Invalid Decision'
		sys.exit(1)

class Locator(object):
	def __init__(self, url=False, ip=False, datfile=False):
		self.url = url
		self.ip = ip
		self.datfile = datfile
		self.target = ''
	def check_database(self):
		if not self.datfile:
			self.datfile = '/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoLiteCity.dat'
		else:
			if not os.path.isfile(self.datfile):
				print '[!] Failed to Detect Specified Database'
				sys.exit(1)
			else:
				return
		if not os.path.isfile(self.datfile):
			print '[!] Default Database Detection Failed'
			try:
				choice = raw_input('[*] Attempt to Auto-install Database? [y/N] ')
			except KeyboardInterrupt:
				print '\n[!] User Interrupted Choice'
				sys.exit(1)
			if choice.strip().lower()[0] == 'y':
				print '[*] Attempting to Auto-install Database... ',
				sys.stdout.flush()
				if not os.path.isdir('/usr/share/GeoIP'):
					os.makedirs('/usr/share/GeoIP')
				try:
					urllib.urlretrieve('http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz', '/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz')
				except Exception:
					print '[FAIL]'
					print '[!] Failed to Download Database'
					sys.exit(1)
				try:
					with gzip.open('/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz', 'rb') as compressed_dat:
						with open('/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoLiteCity.dat', 'wb') as new_dat:
							new_dat.write(compressed_dat.read())
				except IOError:
					print '[FAIL]'
					print '[!] Failed to Decompress Database'
					sys.exit(1)
				os.remove('/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz')
				print '[DONE]\n'
			elif choice.strip().lower()[0] == 'n':
				print '[!] User Denied Auto-Install'
				sys.exit(1)
			else:
				print '[!] Invalid Choice'
				sys.exit(1)
	def query(self):
		if not not self.url:
			print '[*] Translating %s: ' %(self.url),
			sys.stdout.flush()
			try:
				self.target += socket.gethostbyname(self.url)
				print self.target
			except Exception:
				print '\n[!] Failed to Resolve URL'
				return
		else:
			self.target += self.ip
		try:
			print '[*] Querying for Records of %s...\n' %(self.target)
			query_obj = pygeoip.GeoIP(self.datfile)
			for key, val in query_obj.record_by_addr(self.target).items():
				print '%s: %s' %(key, val)
			print '\n[*] Query Complete!'
		except Exception:
			print '\n[!] Failed to Retrieve Records'
			return

if __name__ == '__main__':
	import argparse
	parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='IP Geolocation Tool')
	parser.add_argument('--url', help='Locate an IP based on a URL', action='store', default=False, dest='url')
        parser.add_argument('-t', '--target', help='Locate the specified IP', action='store', default=False, dest='ip')
        parser.add_argument('--dat', help='Custom database filepath', action='store', default=False, dest='datfile')
	args = parser.parse_args()
	if ((not not args.url) and (not not args.ip)) or ((not args.url) and (not args.ip)):
		parser.error('invalid target specification')
	try:
		locate = Locator(url=args.url, ip=args.ip, datfile=args.datfile)
		locate.check_database()
		locate.query()
	except Exception:
		print '\n[!] An Unknown Error Occured'

Tips

Find all installed modules
help("modules");